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ٍEnglish Department - مطالب SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES
1391/09/13

فریلنسر؟

   نوشته شده توسط: Apollo    نوع مطلب :SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES ،

برخی اوقات زندگی بسیار دشوار می شود و شما احتمالا به فکر فرو می روید که کار خود را ترک کنید و برای خودتان کار کنید. به طور خلاصه، تعریف ساده فریلنسینگ از این قرار است : کار کردن برای خودتان.

 

امروزه بسیاری از مردم در زمینه فریلنسینگ مشغول هستند. بیشترین دلایل آن عبارتند از :

 

1 – می توانید برای خودتان زمان بندی کنید و  به کار بپردازید
۲ – می توانید در خانه کار کنید
۳ – هیچ رئیسی بالای سر خود ندارید

 

خوب این بهترین دلایل عملی برای یک فریلنسر است. فریلنسر شخصی است که معمولا برای کارفرمایان متعددی در طول یک دوره کار انجام می دهد. یک فریلنسر خدمات خود را به بالاترین پیشنهاد به فروش می رساند. فریلنسرها ممکن است به صورت نیمه وقت یا تمام وقت کار کنند. فریلنسرها اجازه دارند تا به روش دلخواه خود برای کارفرمایان کار کنند تا زمانی که کار انجام شود و رضایت مشتری برآورده شود.

 

کار فریلنسینگ یکی از ساده ترین، سریع ترین و کم هزینه ترین راه ها برای شروع می باشد. کارفرمایان به صورت آنلاین در بسیاری از وب سایت ها مانند سایت پونیشــا، پیشنهاد کار خود را ارسال می کنند و فریلنسرها نیز پیشنهادات خود را اعلام می کنند و معمولا این کار بسیار رقابتی است.

 

عده ای فکر می کنند فریلنسرها به صورت رایگان کار می کنند. اما این تصور کاملا اشتباه است. فریلنسرها هرچه بیشتر در زمینه ای که در آن تخصص دارند تجربه کسب کنند، می توانند نرخ های بالاتری برای کار خود پیشنهاد کنند.

 

فریلنسینگ ساده ترین راه برای این است که رئیس خود باشید. شما می توانید با تعهد و جدیت خود در این کار موفق شوید. هدف کار فریلنسینگ باید برای شما بسیار روشن باشد. شما نمی توانید کاری را بدون داشتن هدف شروع کنید.

 

اگر شما در زمینه خاصی تجربه و تخصص دارید، پس می توانید کار تمام وقت فریلنسینگ را انتخاب کنید و به انجام آن بپردازید. اما با این حال اگر تجربه و تخصصی ندارید، بهتر است شغل قبلی خود را ترک نکنید. شما در این حالت می توانید به صورت پاره وقت کار فریلنسینگ انجام دهید و این کار باعث می شود که شما در زمینه های مختلف، تجربه بیشتری بدست آورید.

 

با فریلنسینگ رویاهای شما تحقق می یابد. مطمئنم که همه ما رویاهای خاص خودمان را داریم که به حرفه ما مربوط می شود. فریلنسینگ می تواند راهی برای تحقق رویاهایمان باشد.

نوشته روشنک علی طلب

 


برچسب ها: فریلنسینگ ، دفتر کار مجازی ، ترجمه ،

1391/06/21

آنچه از استیو جابز آموخته ام

   نوشته شده توسط: Apollo    نوع مطلب :SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES ،

What I Learned From Steve Jobs

Many people have explained what one can learn from Steve Jobs. But few, if any, of these people have been inside the tent and experienced first hand what it was like to work with him. I don’t want any lessons to be lost or forgotten, so here is my list of the top twelve lessons that I learned from Steve Jobs.

  1. Experts are clueless.

    Experts—journalists, analysts, consultants, bankers, and gurus can’t “do” so they “advise.” They can tell you what is wrong with your product, but they cannot make a great one. They can tell you how to sell something, but they cannot sell it themselves. They can tell you how to create great teams, but they only manage a secretary. For example, the experts told us that the two biggest shortcomings of Macintosh in the mid 1980s was the lack of a daisy-wheel printer driver and Lotus 1-2-3; another advice gem from the experts was to buy Compaq. Hear what experts say, but don’t always listen to them.

  2. Customers cannot tell you what they need.

    “Apple market research” is an oxymoron. The Apple focus group was the right hemisphere of Steve’s brain talking to the left one. If you ask customers what they want, they will tell you, “Better, faster, and cheaper”—that is, better sameness, not revolutionary change. They can only describe their desires in terms of what they are already using—around the time of the introduction of Macintosh, all people said they wanted was better, faster, and cheaper MS-DOS machines. The richest vein for tech startups is creating the product that you want to use—that’s what Steve and Woz did.

  3. Jump to the next curve.

    Big wins happen when you go beyond better sameness. The best daisy-wheel printer companies were introducing new fonts in more sizes. Apple introduced the next curve: laser printing. Think of ice harvesters, ice factories, and refrigerator companies. Ice 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0. Are you still harvesting ice during the winter from a frozen pond?
  4. The biggest challenges beget best work.

    I lived in fear that Steve would tell me that I, or my work, was crap. In public. This fear was a big challenge. Competing with IBM and then Microsoft was a big challenge. Changing the world was a big challenge. I, and Apple employees before me and after me, did their best work because we had to do our best work to meet the big challenges.

  5. Design counts.

    Steve drove people nuts with his design demands—some shades of black weren’t black enough. Mere mortals think that black is black, and that a trash can is a trash can. Steve was such a perfectionist—a perfectionist Beyond: Thunderdome—and lo and behold he was right: some people care about design and many people at least sense it. Maybe not everyone, but the important ones.

  6. You can’t go wrong with big graphics and big fonts.

    Take a look at Steve’s slides. The font is sixty points. There’s usually one big screenshot or graphic. Look at other tech speaker’s slides—even the ones who have seen Steve in action. The font is eight points, and there are no graphics. So many people say that Steve was the world’s greatest product introduction guy..don’t you wonder why more people don’t copy his style?

  7. Changing your mind is a sign of intelligence.

    When Apple first shipped the iPhone there was no such thing as apps. Apps, Steve decreed, were a bad thing because you never know what they could be doing to your phone. Safari web apps were the way to go until six months later when Steve decided, or someone convinced Steve, that apps were the way to go—but of course. Duh! Apple came a long way in a short time from Safari web apps to “there’s an app for that.”

  8. “Value” is different from “price.”

    Woe unto you if you decide everything based on price. Even more woe unto you if you compete solely on price. Price is not all that matters—what is important, at least to some people, is value. And value takes into account training, support, and the intrinsic joy of using the best tool that’s made. It’s pretty safe to say that no one buys Apple products because of their low price.

  9. A players hire A+ players.

    Actually, Steve believed that A players hire A players—that is people who are as good as they are. I refined this slightly—my theory is that A players hire people even better than themselves. It’s clear, though, that B players hire C players so they can feel superior to them, and C players hire D players. If you start hiring B players, expect what Steve called “the bozo explosion” to happen in your organization.

  10. Real CEOs demo.

    Steve Jobs could demo a pod, pad, phone, and Mac two to three times a year with millions of people watching, why is it that many CEOs call upon their vice-president of engineering to do a product demo? Maybe it’s to show that there’s a team effort in play. Maybe. It’s more likely that the CEO doesn’t understand what his/her company is making well enough to explain it. How pathetic is that?

  11. Real CEOs ship.

    For all his perfectionism, Steve could ship. Maybe the product wasn’t perfect every time, but it was almost always great enough to go. The lesson is that Steve wasn’t tinkering for the sake of tinkering—he had a goal: shipping and achieving worldwide domination of existing markets or creation of new markets. Apple is an engineering-centric company, not a research-centric one. Which would you rather be: Apple or Xerox PARC?

  12. Marketing boils down to providing unique value. Think of a 2 x 2 matrix. The vertical axis measures how your product differs from the competition. The horizontal axis measures the value of your product. Bottom right: valuable but not unique—you’ll have to compete on price. Top left: unique but not valuable—you’ll own a market that doesn’t exist. Bottom left: not unique and not value—you’re a bozo. Top right: unique and valuable—this is where you make margin, money, and history. For example, the iPod was unique and valuable because it was the only way to legally, inexpensively, and easily download music from the six biggest record labels.

Bonus: Some things need to be believed to be seen. When you are jumping curves, defying/ignoring the experts, facing off against big challenges, obsessing about design, and focusing on unique value, you will need to convince people to believe in what you are doing in order to see your efforts come to fruition. People needed to believe in Macintosh to see it become real. Ditto for iPod, iPhone, and iPad. Not everyone will believe—that’s okay. But the starting point of changing the world is changing a few minds. This is the greatest lesson of all that I learned from Steve.



مقاله فوق به قلم آقای کاوازاکی1 نگاشته شده است. اقای کاوازاکی نویسنده کتاب "افسون" 2Enchantment  بوده همچنین مباشر ارشد سابق در شرکت اپل هستند که آموخته ها و تجربیاتی را که از مرحوم استیو جابز فرا گرفته اند در قالب این مقاله در وب شخصی خودشان منتشر کرده اند. آقای کاوازاکی موسس شرکت 3Alltop  واقع در سیلیکون والی کالفرنیا نیز می باشند.
ترجمه مقاله  از مترجمی ناشناس در سایتهای بسیاری منتشر شده است در ادامه مطلب می توانید این ترجمه را مطالعه و ارزیابی نمایید.

1. Guy Kawasaki

2. Enchantment: The Art of Changing Hearts, Minds, and Actions

3. Alltop.Silicon Valley, California



ترجمه

1391/06/6

A Brief History of Internet

   نوشته شده توسط: سمانه م.ش    نوع مطلب :SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES ،

A Brief History of Internet

 

 ARPANET started by the US Dept. of Defense for research.It is the original basis for what now forms the Internet.It was opened to non-military users later in the 1970s

 The first international connections to ARPANET are established

The TCP/IP Protocol established,and the "Internet" is formed as a connected set of networks using TCP/IP

DNS(Domain Name Server) introduced to the Internet,with then consisted of about 1000 hosts

World Wide Web,invented by Tim Berners-Lee who saw the need for a global information exhcange that would allow physicists to collaborate on research.The Web started as a text-only interface,but NCSA Mosaic later presented a graphical interface for it

Web traffic over the Internet increased by 300,000%

 Netscape 1.0 was written as an alternative browser to NCSA Mosaic

December JavaScript development announced by Netscape


Now Internet is still developing faster and faster

 


1391/05/19

Our perception of beauty

   نوشته شده توسط: Apollo    نوع مطلب :SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES ،

 

 

 

 

 

We live in a culture that exaggerates physical beauty above and beyond where its true status lies. The media and culture have indirectly pushed people’s minds to treat beauty as one of the determinants of self-worth, especially in young girls and women. It becomes crucial for everyone of us to examine what beauty really is, and what role physical beauty has to play in our lives. Is beauty limited to physical characteristics or is there a higher dimension to it? Is beauty an independent trait or does it shine in people with good personalities? Although the answers to these questions are very subjective, the Islamic view of beauty helps us to shape our opinions in the best manner possible.

 

 

 

 

 

All Creation Is Beautiful

Although the eyes may not perceive every creation around us as beauty, the Qur’anic verse (32:7) tells us that all creation is beautiful. This verse is clearly talking about beauty on a higher level than the mere physical dimension that our eyes try to find in what they perceive. This verse urges us to appreciate beauty in all creation and to see the beauty in Allah’s universe through observing how interconnected and orderly it is!

The Perception of Beauty

 How does Islam view human beauty? Is physical beauty always looked upon as a positive trait? Needless to say, physical beauty is indeed a blessing – but according to Islamic teachings, beauty is just like any other material and perishable trait such as wealth, rank, and occupation. Physical beauty by itself has little worth and is given no significance in Islam if it does not accompany inner beauty (piety and good moral traits). Real beauty is what we carry with us in our journey to the hereafter: our good deeds. In the Holy Qur’an (3:106) we are reminded of Judgment Day when people’s deeds will determine their physical appearance: “On the day when (some) faces shall turn white and (some) faces shall turn black; then as to those whose faces turn black: Did you disbelieve after your believing? Taste therefore the chastisement because you disbelieved.

”In our everyday lives we often come across people who may be good-looking but something about their character repels us from them; the reverse is also true for people who may not be so good-looking but appear beautiful to us because of their positive qualities. A recent article by plastic surgeon Dr. Robert Tornambe, published by the Huffington Post, presents an interesting conclusion about how the mind judges beauty. The article “What Makes a Person Ugly?” focuses on certain positive personality traits that serve to enhance and sometimes even determine how we perceive physical beauty. Some characteristics that are mentioned are self-confidence, cheerfulness, altruism, and optimism. When it comes to judging between physical beauty and personality, our mind inclines towards appreciating people who possess such positive traits and brighter souls.
Actions that Enhance Beauty Proximity to Allah and obeying His commands surely enhance one’s beauty, both inner as well as physical beauty. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) said, “Beauty is in the tongue (wording)”. Good moral conduct is one basis of judging what qualifies as beauty. Ayatollah Hussain Madhahiri writes in his book Islamic Family-Life Ethics, “Sometimes speech is like the beauty spot on the face which enhances the beauty of the person.” A person with good morals is truly beautiful inside out and wins peoples’ hearts. In addition, some recommended actions enhance inner and outer beauty. One of them is the highly recommended Night Prayer (Salat al-Layl) that, when performed on a regular basis, enhances one’s physical beauty. Allama Majlisi writes in his book on Salat alLayl: “Salat al-Layl makes one’s face beautiful; beautifies one’s etiquette; gives a pleasant smell to one’s body and increases one’s daily sustenance. It also removes sorrow and grief and gives strength to the eyes. "Hence, closeness to Allah creates both inner as well as outer beauty! In conclusion, below is a historic couplet that refers to the beauty of Prophet Yusuf (peace be upon him), whose beauty is a symbol of Allah’s most beautiful creation: "No one has ever seen beauty like Yusuf's, But He who created Yusuf has the true beauty. "Let us try to reflect true eternal beauty from within ourselves!

 

the source: ISLAMIC ISIGHITS by: RABAB JAFFERY


برچسب ها: Islamic Articles ،

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