ٍEnglish Department - Grammar


   نوشته شده توسط: سمانه م.ش    نوع مطلب :ENGLISH GRAMMAR ،

 آموزش گرامر -حرف تعریف نامعین

(Indefinite article)

حرف تعریف نامعین شامل a و an می‌باشد.

حرف تعریف a قبل از یك حرف بی‌صدا بکار می‌رود:

a car, a man, a bus, a house

حرف تعریف an قبل از یک حرف صدادار (a,e,i,o,u) بکار می‌رود:

an apple, an actor, an animal, an old man

We've been to Paris.  He hasn't lived in Paris. Have you met him yet?چند نکته
1- در کلماتی مانند honest، hour، honour و ... حرف h تلفظ نمی‌شود (غیر ملفوظ)، بنابراین همراه با آنها حرف تعریف an مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد:

an hour, an honourable man

2- كلماتی مانند useful، unit، university، union، European و ... با اینکه با حروف صدادار شروع می‌شوند، ولی حرف اولیه آنها مانند «you» تلفظ می‌شود. بنابراین آنها با حرف تعریف a مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرند:

a university, a useful book

a یا an تنها قبل از اسامی مفرد قابل شمارش می‌آیند:

a book, a happy boy, a famous actor

برای اسامی جمع، بجای a یا an، یا از some استفاده می‌کنیم و یا اصلاً هیچ کلمه‌ای را بکار نمی‌بریم:

  • It's a cat.  It's a dog.  And it's a monkey.
    but: These are all animals.

  • a horse,  some horses

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سلام خانم مراتبی
خوب بود مخصوصا قسمت دوم که من نمی دونستم یعنی تا حالا بهش فکر نکرده بودم . ببخشید که یه کم برا نظر دهی دیر هستش اما همان طور که خودتون می دونین ما تازه عضو شدیم .
پاسخ سمانه م.ش : salam kheyli mamnon enshallah da ayande nokate gerameri jadid va por karbord ro to web mizaram.
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