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ٍEnglish Department - English Grammar
1390/06/11

English Grammar

   نوشته شده توسط: سمانه م.ش    نوع مطلب :ENGLISH GRAMMAR ،

آموزش گرامر - زمانهای مربوط به آینده
در زبان انگلیسی برای بیان زمان آینده از افعال و حالتهای مختلفی استفاده می‌شود که آنها را به ترتیب اهمیت در زیر می‌بینید:
1. will + verb
2. be + going to + verb
3. Present Progressive (حال استمراری)
4. will + be + verb-ing و فرمهای دیگر
این موارد به ترتیب در شماره های آینده به شما آموزش داده خواهند شد.
2- be + going to + verb
الف- از این ساختار برای بیان برنامه‌ها و تصمیماتی که از قبل گرفته شده‌اند، استفاده می‌شود:

We're going to paint this room blue.
(ما می‌خواهیم این اتاق را آبی بزنیم)

I'm going to be a doctor.
(می‌خواهم یک دکتر بشوم)

ب- همچنین از این ساختار می‌توان برای بیان یک پیشگویی، مخصوصاً وقتی که براساس مدرکی در زمان حال باشد، استفاده نمود.

She's going to have a baby. (Because she's pregnant)
(او قرار است كه یك بچه بدنیا بیاورد)

It's going to rain. (It's cloudy)
(می‌خواهد باران ببارد)

بعضی اوقات تفاوتی بین will و be going to برای یك پیش‌بینی وجود ندارد.

برای بیان تصمیمی که از قبل گرفته شده است از ساختـار be going to و بیان تصمیمی که درست در همان لحظه گرفته شده است از will استفاده می‌کنیم.


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